Japan is a representative democracy consisting of 47 prefectures. The country's constitution dates from 1947 and is the result of an amendment to the constitution of the Meiji era. The capital of Japan is Tokyo.
Japan’s population is ageing and declining: 127 million in 2014, down 1.7% per 1000 pop. from 2013, with 67% of population concentrated in urban areas. The most populated cities are Tokyo (13.3million), Kanagawa (0.9million), Osaka (0.988) and Nagoya (7443)
- Life expectancy is among the highest in the world: 80.6 years for men and 87.4 years for women.
- The ratio of men to women in Japan is 48.67% men to 51.33% women in 2010.
- The population is 98.5% Japanese. In 2013 there were about 2 million non-Japanese residents. About 85% of them are from Asia. Chinese accounted 0.65 million and it occupies 31% of all Foreign National Residents. Koreans accounted 0.52 million for 25% population of all Foreign National Residents. The remaining 44% is made up of various ethnic groups. European nationalities are about 43000.
- The majority of Japanese are Shinto (83.9% of the population) and Buddhist (71.4%). These two religions are not mutually exclusive; most Japanese are both Shinto and Buddhist simultaneously. Christians make up 2% of the total population.
- The population is concentrated in the central region, where population density is very high. About 36% of the population lives in three urban areas: the Greater Tokyo including Kanagawa, and Saitama, Osaka, and Nagoya on the eastern coast of the Pacific. The average of population density is 343.4 per km2 for all Japan. The one of the Tokyo area (Kanto) is 6015 km2 inhabitants per km and 4670 inhabitants per km² in the Osaka area (Kinki).
- The total area of Japan is 377,962km², making it the 62nd largest country in the world. The living area of the country is relatively small: 70% of Japan’s territory constitutes mountainous, volcanic or highland zones. Farmland covers only 12.2% of the country.
- The official language is Japanese. Knowledge of English is good, and is constantly improving.
- The country has few natural resources. Valuable minerals are only present in minute quantities in the soil and the country does not have its own energy reserves. Marine resources, however, are substantial (seafood).
- Japan's climate is varied: tropical in the south, and a cool temperate climate in the north. Temperatures in June in Tokyo are usually between 19°C and 25°C. Rainfall is usually considerable during this period.
- The national currency is the yen (JPY). 100 JPY is worth approximately €0.73 (Data - October 2015).
Agence pour le Commerce Extérieur, Étude pays Japon: opportunités de commerce , 2012 (in French)
Japan Statistical Yearbook 2015, Statistics Bureau, Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications Japan
Latest update: November 2015
Picture: 1855 first edition example of Colton's map of Japan
Picture copyright: Wikipedia of public domain